TREKKING ALONG VIA AMERINA
This area lies mid way between Rome and Tuscany and it boasts both the scenic countryside of the latter and the historical background of the first.
How can you make a journey through time, hiking a paved Roman road surrounded by ancient tombs? Here we go! We can reach the medieval town of Civita Castellana and then walk for approx 2 hrs along a fascinating stretch of the “Via Amerina”. It was an ancient Roman road with strategic importance in the area, originally inhabited by the Faliscans. These people were definitely defeated by the Romans in the year 241 BC and their main city, Falerii Veteres (where is now Civita Castellana), was destroyed and re-built close by, under the name of Falerii Novi.
The “Via Amerina” took its name from the final destination, the umbrian town of Ameria (today Amelia) and represented an important fast connection between Rome and Umbria, especially for commercial reasons.
It became very useful also during the early middle ages, when it connected safely Rome to Ravenna: here the Byzantine had their Italian headquarter, called “the Exarchate”. Medieval towers and castles protected the road and the pilgrims’ paths for centuries in the so called “byzantine corridor”.
Near the location now called “Cava degli Zucchi” we can hike for approx three miles surrounded by the amazing landscape of a necropolis that was in use from the III century BC until the III AD: all forms of burial are visible, from inhumation tombs carved in the rock to columbarium for cremations, altars and aediculae.